4, 2010. CRC/C/PAK/CO/3-4, Oct. 15, 2009. District Jail, Faisalabad Capital punishment is still practised in one European country. Central Jail, Lahore  Pakistan had ratified the treaty in May 2010 with reservations to articles that affect the rights of those facing capital charges.  However, Pakistan carried out its first execution in almost 4 years on November 15, 2012. According to figures gathered by the organization Justice Project Pakistan, using a three-step process to verify the accuracy of its execution count, there have been 0 executions to date in 2020. , Individuals Below Age 18 At Time of Crime.Individuals cannot legally be executed for crimes committed while under the age of 18. , 1. Kazakhstan, Russia, and Belarus are the only European countries which have not abolished capital punishment for all crimes. of State, 2009 Human Rights Report: Pakistan, Denial of Fair Public Trial, http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2009/sca/136092.htm, Mar.  Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, State of Human Rights in 2009, p. 61, 128, http://www.hrcp-web.org/pdf/Annual%20Report%202009.pdf, Feb. 2010. 338, Act No.  No concluding observations are available yet.  Justice Project Pakistan, Death Penalty Database, https://data.jpp.org.pk/library/?q=(filters:(current_status:(values:!(%2710480b52-bd9a-436b-8886-7985beaf6bca%27))),order:desc,sort:metadata.date_of_execution,types:! Din  Pakistan Penal Code, as amended by Criminal Laws Amendment Act of 2006, secs. Iran carried out at least 977 executions in 2015, at least 567 executions in 2016, and at least 507 executions in 2017. 1, 1898.  Article 185 specifically addresses appeals to the Supreme Court in cases involving a death sentence. 73rd session, Promotion and protection of human rights: human rights questions, including alternative approaches for improving the effective enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms, para. Other potential means of legal research, including law reporters such as Pakistan from which hard copies may be available for order, are listed at http://www.nyulawglobal.com/globalex/Pakistan.htm#_Legal_Research. District Jail, Gujrat 4, 2010. 295, Act No. A nationwide judicial system in Iran was first implemented and established by Abdolhossein Teymourtash under Reza Shah, with further changes during the second Pahlavi era. The same law also seriously limits the death-eligible offense of Zina (which seems to be broadly applied to sex outside of marriage) and requires that a court, not prosecution, determine whether investigation and charges should be pursued. Although there have been numerous amendments to the Constitution, there is yet to be a provision prohibiting the death penalty as a punitive remedy. Khan In addition to the President’s power, the family members of murder victims can choose to pardon the offender through a reconciliation process that can, but need not, involve payment of a settlement. Nifty 12,771.70-166.55.  Sultana Noon, affiliated with Reprieve, revision notes to DPW, DPW Pakistan Doc. A/HRC/WG.6/2/PAK/2, Apr. A/HRC/8/42, Jun.  Pakistan Code of Criminal Procedure, as amended by Act No. Fed.  At the end of 2018, Amnesty International reported that there were at least 4,864 people on death row and at least 250 new death sentences issued. Although in many countries insults or defamation of any religion such as Islam is not a crime, in Pakistan this is one of the biggest crimes one can commit.  However, there have been challenges as to whether the exclusion is constitutional, the status of the exclusion may be in jeopardy,  and juvenile offenders continue to be sentenced to death.  Mark Warren, Foreigners Under Sentence of Death Worldwide, http://users.xplornet.com/~mwarren/world.html, updated May 7, 2010. for Human Rights, Slow March to the Gallows: Death Penalty in Pakistan, p. 32, http://www.fidh.org/IMG/pdf/Pakistan464angconjointpdm.pdf, Mar. - Blasphemy. Capital punishment in Pakistan Latest Breaking News, Pictures, Videos, and Special Reports from The Economic Times.  Justice Project Pakistan, Email to DPW, Mar. International Federation for Human Rights, Slow March to the Gallows: Death Penalty in Pakistan, Jan. 2007, available at http://www.fidh.org/IMG/pdf/Pakistan464angconjointpdm.pdf. Central Jail, Faisalabad 22, 2016. 121, Act No. for Human Rights, Slow March to the Gallows: Death Penalty in Pakistan, p. 27-30, http://www.fidh.org/IMG/pdf/Pakistan464angconjointpdm.pdf, Mar. CRC/C/PAK/CO/3-4, Oct. 15, 2009. Experienced attorneys able to attract other work do not take these cases.  U.N.G.A. 368(1), Jul. London EC3P 3BZ REV-1, Nov. 8, 2010.  Status, Declarations, and Reservations, Optional Prot. 8, 2007. Although murder is deemed as a big sin in most religion, it is also punishable by death in many countries including Pakistan. 2008 (indicating that, while the Penal Code does not reflect this penalty, the ordinance may still be in effect). Central Jail, Sahiwal 1, Feb. 24, 2010. of State, 2009 Human Rights Report: Pakistan, Arrest Procedures and Treatment While in Detention, http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2009/sca/136092.htm, Mar. al., Overview of the Protection of Women Act, 2006 (Pakistan), Legislative Watch, Issue No.  Intl.  The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, another non-governmental organization, reported 334 executions in 2015 (341 executions since the end of the moratorium).  Pakistan The Offense of Zina (Enforcement of Hudood) Ordinance, as amended by the Protection of Women (Criminal Laws Amendment) Act of 2006, sec. Human Rights Council, Compilation Prepared by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, in accordance with paragraph 15(B) of the Annex to Human Rights Council Resolution 5/1, para. As extensively annotated in the 2009 Human Rights Report of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, a number of very recent laws that could not be located as of May 11, 2010 may soon significantly alter law and practice relevant to the death penalty in Pakistan. 2 of 1997, sec. The President has full constitutional power to pardon, commute or stay a sentence of any tribunal or authority. Pakistan Penal Code, as amended by Criminal Laws Amendment Act of 2006, secs. 65, Oct. 6, 1860. 10, U.N. Doc.  Reports indicate that the Supreme Court and Federal Shari’at Court have applied Islamic law to limit death-eligible defendants’ rights and protections under the Constitution. , 15. 1, 1898. 7, 2008; The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, website at http://www.hrcp-web.org/default.asp (a domestic NGO involved in death penalty opposition).  Afghanis and other nationals involved in terrorism in and around Pakistan may be under sentence of death,  and Germans, Turks and Swedes face terrorism charges or death sentences. Prison doctors are incompetent and uninterested state employees, and prisoners are given severely substandard care.  , A moratorium on executions was imposed in 2008. 35-Nabha Road, Lahore  Preamble to The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Apr. Although there have been numerous amendments to the Constitution, there is yet to be a provision prohibiting the death penalty as a punitive remedy. 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