2010 HAITI EARTHQUAKE H. Kit Miyamoto and Amir SJ Gilani Miyamoto International, Sacramento, CA, USA SUMMARY The Mw 7.0 20101 Haiti Earthquake caused extensive damage. On Jan. 12, 2010, Haiti was struck by a massive earthquake. By 2008, Haiti's exports had reached $575 million, according to a World Bank report. The IADB reported that apparel made up more than 90% of Haiti's exports to America.. The quake displaced 1.5 million people. The Haiti earthquake didn't impact the U.S. economy much. Authors: S. E. Hough. That would cost $370 million. Haitians who live abroad and send money back contribute one-fifth of the country’s gross domestic product. Two years later, though roughly half of the rubble littering Port-au-Prince had been cleared and some damaged residences had been made habitable, more than half a million people remained in tents, many of which had deteriorated significantly. (a) Summary of the present-day tectonic setting of Hispaniola. The U.S. Department of Justice asserted that the UN was immune from prosecution in 2014. The densely populated region around Port-au-Prince, located on the Gulf of Gonâve, was among those most heavily affected. The Surprising Ways China Affects the U.S. Economy, Canada's Economy Is Why Justin Trudeau Is the New Prime Minister. Following a 7.0 magnitude earthquake and multiple aftershocks on January 12, 2010, the United States responded with aid from all branches of the military. “Estimating the Direct Economic Damage of the Earthquake in Haiti,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. The quake hit Port-au-Prince, Haiti's capital. “One of the Most Repeated Facts about Haiti is a Lie,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. The 2010 Haiti earthquake left over a million people without homes, hundreds of thousands of people died, and several hundreds of thousands were injured. An aerial view of Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on January 13, 2010, from a U.S. Coast Guard aircraft, following the 7.0-magnitude earthquake that occurred the previous day. In its aftermath, the authors, working with the Haitian Ministry of Public Works developed a comprehensive damage assessment and reconstruction program. 2010 Haiti earthquake, large-scale earthquake that occurred January 12, 2010, on the West Indian island of Hispaniola, comprising the countries of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Books & Ideas. Similarly, Pham et al. Almost a decade after the disastrous 2010 earthquake, Haiti has still not sufficiently recovered. What's Being Done? Suspicion that Nepalese UN peacekeeping forces stationed near the river were the likely source of the outbreak was validated by the leak of a report by a French epidemiologist in December. On April 21 it was announced that Martelly had won the election with some two-thirds of the vote. Haiti sits above two tectonic plates, the Caribbean Plate and the North American plate. These plates are rigid parts of the Earth's crust that slide separately on the planet’s molten core. The report cited the absence of cholera in Haiti during the previous decade and the emergence of a parallel outbreak of cholera in Kathmandu, the city from which the troops had departed Nepal. Only Capital One waived fees for all charitable donations made through their credit cards. Credit card companies make around $250 million a year from charitable donations. A young earthquake survivor holds a piece of bread in a makeshift shelter in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. The theoretical damage obtained with these functions shows 421. a better agreement with the observed damage in the moderate, extensive and complete 422. states. Hundreds of thousands of survivors were displaced. Haiti's economy is only one-tenth that of the United States. Damage From the Earthquake In 2010, the Inter-American Development Bank estimated that the earthquake created between $7.8 billion and $8.5 billion in damage. damaged buildings and rubble following the 2010 Haiti earthquake. The field study was conducted from January 26 to February 3, 2010, and included investigations in Port-au-Prince and the heavily damaged … Damage to infrastructure in the 2010 Haiti earthquake was extensive and affected areas included Port-au-Prince, Petit-Goâve, Léogâne, Jacmel and other settlements in southwestern Haiti. It is estimated that 60% of the nation’s administrative and economic infrastructure was lost, and 80% of the schools and more than 50% of the hospitals were destroyed or damaged (GOH 2010). Haiti earthquake facts damage haiti earthquake facts damage environmental impacts of the haiti haiti earthquake facts damage Roeconomic Impacts Of The 2010 Earthquake In HaitiRoeconomic Impacts Of The 2010 Earthquake In HaitiHaiti Earthquake Facts Damage Effects On EconomyNatural Disasters IndexmundiTop Donors In Haiti Earthquake Response 2010 2016Roeconomic Impacts Of The 2010 Earthquake … The earthquake occurred at 16:53 local time (21:53 UTC) on Tuesday, 12 January 2010. 2010 Haiti earthquake, one finds a conspicuous band of severe damage along a foothill ridge in the Petionville district, south of central Port-au-Prince (Fig. the 2010 Haiti earthquake. In 2016, Hurricane Matthew set back rebuilding efforts. The Léogâne fault, which cannot be observed at the surface, descends northward at an oblique angle away from the EPG fault system, and many geologists contend that the earthquake resulted from the slippage of rock upward across its plane of fracture. “Haiti Earthquake Science: What Caused the Disaster,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. A man carrying a child suffering from cholera to a treatment centre in Mirebalais, Haiti, June 2011. The catastrophic earthquake caused damage and devastation in a country that was previously poor. Massive earthquake strikes Haiti On January 12, 2010, Haiti is devastated by a massive earthquake. The 2010 Haiti earthquake (French: Séisme de 2010 à Haïti; Haitian Creole: Tranblemanntè 12 janvye 2010 nan peyi Ayiti) was a catastrophic magnitude 7.0 M w earthquake, with an epicenter near the town of Léogâne, Ouest department, approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of Port-au-Prince, Haiti's capital. Survivors who were able to access the Internet—and friends and relatives abroad—took to social networking sites such as Twitter and Facebook in search of information on those missing in the wake of the catastrophe. Hurricane matthew s impact in figures the haiti earthquake of 2010 impacts of the 2010 earthquake in haiti socio economic consequences Social Impacts Of The 12 January 2010 Haiti EarthquakeSocial Media During An Emergency Haiti EarthquakeHaiti Earthquake Facts Damage Effects On EconomyThe Effect Of Earthquake In HaitiEarthquake Case Study 1 Haiti Geography Myp Gcse DpThe… “Haiti’s Garment Industry: A Lost Cause, or Ready to Change?” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. In the aftermath of the disaster, between 220,000 and 300,000 people lost their lives and up to three million people were severely impacted, creating the worst humanitarian crisis the country has faced to date. There is still no consensual official data available, but the International Red Cross estimated that the earthquake affected about 3 million people. Many who left the camps merely relocated to outgrowths of the existing slums surrounding Port-au-Prince. The election to choose Préval’s successor as president took place in November 2010 after a 10-month delay. In 2014, Haiti held the title of the most vulnerable country in the Latin American and Caribbean region, according to the United Nations University. Its economy still remains highly sensitive to natural hazards and climate change. 2010 Haiti earthquake, large-scale earthquake that occurred January 12, 2010, on the West Indian island of Hispaniola, comprising the countries of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Other affected areas of the country—faced with comparable weaknesses—were similarly unprepared. That's better than the $12 billion produced in 2008. Haiti Earthquake: A Decade of Aftershocks. Given the difficulty of observing documentation procedures in the rush to dispose of the dead, it was considered unlikely that a definitive total would ever be established. In addition, less than one-third of the population was steadily employed. “Haiti Earthquake Facts and Figures,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. A poor neighbourhood shows the damage after an earthquake measuring 7 plus on the Richter scale rocked Port au Prince Haiti just before 5 pm yesterday, January 12, 2010. This is the story of what really happened with the earthquake in Haiti. Earthquake Insurance: Do You Really Need It? That's five times more than the total value of exports in 2012. Ten years after the earthquake, people in Haiti continue to struggle. The decrease was partly due to a Canadian-sponsored program that provided grants to some of the nearly 30,000 residents of the most-conspicuous camp—located near the collapsed presidential palace on the Champs de Mars—which allowed them to find rental housing or repair existing structures. The application of machine learning algorithms (MLAs) to earthquake damage detection is a relatively new area of study. 70102. He was a research editor with Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. from 2008 to 2016 and worked on Britannica Blog from 2010... People picking through the rubble of their home after it was destroyed by a massive earthquake on January 12, 2010, in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. !!!!!Reconnaissance!and!Report!partially!supported!by:!The!Pacific!Earthquake!Engineering!Research!Center!(PEER)! January 12, 4:53 pm. The news A comprehensive atlas of all damage caused in Haiti by the magnitude 7.0 earthquake on 12 January 2010 is now available to help planning recovery and reconstruction measures. Most of these donations were made via credit cards. Normally, credit cards charge a 1% to 3% fee for their use. Earthquake survivors reaching for water being distributed by U.S. Navy personnel in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, January 16, 2010. The damaged National Palace in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, after the earthquake that occurred on January 12, 2010. In terms of magnitude, this earthquake wasn't very remarkable; in fact, there were 17 larger earthquakes in 2010 alone. In 2010, the U.S. Congress extended the Caribbean Basin Trade Preference Agreement. Haiti is also vulnerable to damage from natural disasters because of deforestation. Tips for Filing an Insurance Claim After an Earthquake, Those IRS Emails May Be a Scam—Here’s How to Know, Estimating the Direct Economic Damage of the Earthquake in Haiti, One of the Most Repeated Facts about Haiti is a Lie. However, when no surface deformation was observed, the rupturing of the main strand of the fault system was ruled out as a cause. The quake was the worst in the region in more than 200 years. Geologists initially blamed the earthquake on the movement of the Caribbean tectonic plate eastward along the Enriquillo–Plantain Garden (EPG) strike-slip fault system. In November 2011 several organizations filed claims against the United Nations asking that it take responsibility for the outbreak, install new water and waste-management systems, and compensate those who fell ill or lost relatives to cholera. The onset of decay forced the interment of many bodies in mass graves, and recovery of those buried under the rubble was impeded by a shortage of heavy-lifting equipment, making death tolls difficult to determine. On the scientific scale that measures the magnitude (or strength) of an earthquake, the quake scored a magnitude of 7.0 M w. The center of the earthquake was near Léogâne, very close to Port-au-Prince, the capital and largest city of Haiti. The city, already beset by a strained and inadequate infrastructure and still recovering from the two tropical storms and two hurricanes of August–September 2008, was ill-equipped to deal with such a disaster. Officials from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) later acknowledged inconsistencies in data acquisition. The 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck the impoverished country late Tuesday afternoon just outside Port-au-Prince, Haiti’s capital. 3. More aftershocks occurred in the following days, including another one of magnitude 5.9 that struck on January 20 at Petit Goâve, a town some 35 miles (55 km) west of Port-au-Prince. It killed 25% of the civil servants living in the capital. About 60% of the city's government buildings and 80% of its schools were damaged or destroyed. As the spring rainy season and summer hurricane season approached with reconstruction efforts having made little progress, residents of tent settlements were encouraged by aid agencies to construct more-substantial dwellings using tarpaulins and, later, donated lumber and sheet metal. Localized damage caused by topographic amplification during the 2010 M7.0 Haiti earthquake. What Has Climate Change Cost Us? Really. Red arrows show GPS velocities with respect to the Caribbean plate. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/event/2010-Haiti-earthquake, GlobalSecurity.org - Haiti - 2010 earthquake, Federation of American Scientists - Haiti Earthquake: Crisis and Response. The 2010 Haiti earthquake was a very strong earthquake that hit Haiti on January 12, 2010. Food became scarce, and cholera started spreading again. On January 12, 2010, Haiti was hit by a magnitude 7.0 earthquake (Richter scale), which caused devastating damage to its capital, Port-Au-Prince. By 2014 the number of camps had been more than halved, though some 100,000 people remained without permanent housing. Fifty-four percent of the population lived in abject poverty. Over 200,000 lives were lost. In January 2011, Haitian officials announced the revised figure of 316,000 deaths. You may have experienced the common cold, but do you know what illness caused 20 million deaths in 1918? In July 2018, a government announcement of the termination of subsidies led to protests and civil unrest. In Port-au-Prince the cathedral and the National Palace were both heavily damaged, as were the United Nations headquarters, national penitentiary, and parliament building. In December 2012 the UN, while not acknowledging that its troops had been vectors of the disease, announced that it would fund a program proposed by the governments of Haiti and the Dominican Republic to rid Hispaniola of cholera by instituting new sanitation and vaccination measures. An exact death toll proved elusive in the ensuing chaos. On January 12, 2010, a 7.0 magnitude earthquake-ravaged Haiti. An estimated 230,000 people were killed. The initial shock registered a magnitude of 7.0 and was soon followed by two aftershocks of magnitudes 5.9 and 5.5. in English from Illinois State University in 2005. The quake's closeness made its impact much stronger. 423. Damage and losses from the earthquake were evaluated at $7.9 billion, according to the World Bank, though other estimates are higher. Most severely affected was Haiti, occupying the western third of the island. This impaired government efforts to restore order. The epicenter of the Haiti earthquake was near the town of Leogane, approximately 16 miles west of Haiti’s capital, Port-Au-Prince. Parliamentary elections were held in August 2015, and a second round, alongside a presidential election, was held in October 2015. Another 300,000 were injured. 1. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Damage to infrastructure in the 2010 Haiti earthquake was extensive and affected areas included Port-au-Prince, Petit-Goâve, Léogâne, Jacmel and other settlements in southwestern Haiti.In February Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive estimated that 250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial buildings had collapsed or were severely damaged. Also, Haiti must absorb the 250,000 of its citizens returning from the Dominican Republic. Farther south the city of Jacmel also sustained significant damage, and to the west the city of Léogâne, even closer to the epicentre than Port-au-Prince, was essentially leveled. The following year the UN finally admitted to playing a role in starting the epidemic, though it did not say that the organization had caused the outbreak. Numerous government structures were heavily damaged or destroyed, including the presidential palace, parliament building and main prison. Photograph: Ricardo Arduengo/AP It sounded like a tornado, followed by a bomb dropping. The earthquake occurred at 16:53 local time (21:53 UTC) on Tuesday, 12 January 2010. A week after the event, little aid had reached beyond Port-au-Prince; after another week, supplies were being distributed only sporadically to other urban areas. Map of Haiti depicting the intensity of shaking and the degree of damage incurred by the January 12, 2010, earthquake. Preliminary!Reconnaissance!Report! In the devastated urban areas, the displaced were forced to squat in ersatz cities composed of found materials and donated tents. On January 12th, 2010, a country long devastated by corrupt leadership and extreme poverty was dealt another blow. 1 Haiti PDNA 2010. When the two jagged edges catch, they hold at first. “How VISA, Using Fees Behind its Credit Card, Dominates a Market,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. “Haiti Events of 2018,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. A 2016 report by the organization Doctors Without Borders claimed that cases of cholera had likely been significantly underreported. Though adoptions of Haitian children by foreign nationals—particularly in the United States—were expedited, the process was slowed by the efforts of Haitian and foreign authorities to ensure that the children did not have living relatives, as orphanages had often temporarily accommodated the children of the destitute. Eighty percent of the population lived below the poverty line. Subsequent natural disasters, such as Hurricane Matthew in 2016, have drastically set back its recovery. LiveScience. However, there were still occasional recoveries of people who had managed to survive such confinement for weeks by rationing the meagre supplies available to them. By using The Balance, you accept our. The 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck the impoverished country late Tuesday afternoon just outside Port-au-Prince, Haiti’s capital. Haiti's magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck a country whose buildings were barely built to engineering standards and were hopelessly fragile in the grip of such a strong quake. The Balance uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. They were sliding past each other. Voter turnout was low, and allegations of electoral fraud were widespread. The shocks were felt throughout Haiti and the Dominican Republic as well as in parts of nearby Cuba, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico. Strong aftershocks hit the area within hours of the initial quake. The 2010 Haiti earthquake caused a great deal of damage to Haiti's structures as thousands of buildings were not strong enough for an earthquake as thousands of them plummeted to the floor. Most severely affected was Haiti, occupying the western third of the island. In an October 2015 letter to UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon, a group of UN human rights experts excoriated the body for using legal loopholes to avoid taking responsibility for the epidemic and thereby undermining its own credibility. By 2011, just when the CIA World Factbook reported that Haiti's economy was starting to recover, two hurricanes hit. By 2014, their GDP was $18.3 billion and grew just 2.3%. October: A cholera outbreak begins and s… 2010: Earthquake 1. The earthquake on January 12, 2010 near Port-au-Prince, Haiti was an exceptionally devastating event. On January 12, 2010 at 4:53 pm, a 7.0-magnitude earthquake hit an area about 25 kilometres from Haiti’s capital Port-au-Prince. It's Good That China's Growth Is Slowing. Others crowded into undamaged homes owned by extended family members or friends or returned to damaged structures, more than 200,000 of which were either marked for demolition or required major repairs. 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